Romanija is a mountain located geographically in the east part of the Republic of Srpska and Bosnia and Herzegovina, although it is, in the sense of relief, the natural southeastern continuation of the mountain range of the Central Bosnia mountains that extend towards the NW – SE from Ravna ( near Zenic a), parallel with the valley Bosnia by its flow from Rajlovac to Sarajevo towards Zenica, through Bukovik and Crepoljsko to Ozren ( Sarajevo ), from which Romanija continues. Ozren is located northwest of Romanija, while the long Jahorina massif extends south of it.
It includes, together with Bogovicka planina ( the settlement of Romanija to the east ), all the area between the mountains of Jahorina, Ozren and the mountain of Kuštravica.
The Romanija road passes along the main road leading from East Sarajevo towards areas along the Drina River. To the north of this highway, the mountain gradually descends and passes into the spacious plateau of Glasinac. To the south of the mountains, the mountains are gradually rising, so that its southernmost edges are most elevated. On this side the mountains are suddenly and steep in the plateau between it and Jahorina on which the Pale are located.
Romanija is located southwest of Sokolac, northeast of Pale and east of Sarajevo. The highest peak is Veliki Lupoglav with an altitude of 1652 m. The distinguished feature of Romanija is a large rocky barrier whose parts are named Ravna stijena, Orlova stijena, Crvena stijena, Crna stijena, Đeva stijena ( Girl rock ) and Velika stijena. On the edge of the southern ridge, above Pale, there is Novak’s cave, in which according to the folk tradition, Starina Novak was hiding with her son Grujica and the other Hajduk family. On the west side, above the village of Mokro, there are Red rocks.
On the west slope of Romanija, the Mokranjska Miljacka river flows, which is associated with the Paljanska Miljacka, as a stream running towards Sarajevo.
In the literal translation, Romanija means ” the land of the Romans “. This name probably originated in the early Middle Ages by the arrival of the Slavs and Avars in the beginning of the 7th century on these places and the withdrawal of “Romans” into the mountain. The mountain Romanija is also known as ” Hajdučka Gora “.
Like the surrounding mountains and Romanija by geological age belongs to the period of Mesozoic. The uppermost layers of the mountain consist of Triassic limestone ( limestone ). Lower, deeper layers are from eruptive rocks. The layers of vertebrate slate and sandstone are found mainly on western and southern hair of Romania. The limestone dominates the rest of the Romanija region as well as the plateau of Glasinac. Due to its characteristics, the Romanesque limestone is rich in underground speleological structures.